At the start of the Rattanakosin or Bangkok period in the late eighteenth century, when the capital was finally settled at Bangkok, an elephant kraal was established in Krabi by order of Chao Phraya Nakorn (Noi), the governor of Nakhon Si Thammarat, which was by then a part of the Thai Kingdom. He sent his vizier, the Phra Palad, to oversee this task, which was to ensure a regular supply of elephants for the larger town. So many followers immigrated in the steps of the Phra Palad that soon Krabi had a large community in three different boroughs: Pakasai, Khlong Pon, and Pak Lao. In 1872, King Chulalongkorn elevated these to town status, called Krabi, a word that preserves in its meaning the monkey symbolism of the old standard. The town's first governor was Luang Thep Sena, though it continued for a while as a dependency of Nakhon Si Thammarat. This was changed in 1875, when Krabi was raised to a fourth-level town in the old system of Thai government. Administrators then reported directly to the central government in Bangkok, and Krabi's history as an entity separate from other provinces had begun.
Krabi is a southern province on Thailand's Andaman seaboard with perhaps the country's oldest history of continued settlement. After dating stone tools, ancient colored pictures, beads, pottery, and skeletal remains found in the province's many cliffs and caves, it is thought that Krabi has been home to Homo sapiens since c. 25,000–35,000 BCE. In recorded times it was called the "Ban Thai Samor", and was one of twelve towns that used, before people were widely literate, the monkey for their standard. At that time, c. 1200 CE, Krabi was tributary to the Kingdom of Ligor, a city on the Kra Peninsula's east coast better known today as Nakhon Si Thammarat.
Facing the Andaman Sea, like Phuket, Krabi is subject to a six-month rainy season between May and November, often with sustained heavy rains for days at a time during the monsoons. Krabi's highest ever recorded temperature was 39.1° C on 26 March 1998.Its lowest temperature was recorded on 11 January 2009: 15.3° C.
Krabi, a province on southern Thailand’s Andaman coast, is an almost otherworldly region of labyrinthine archipelagos, where islands seem to erupt vertically out of the sea and secluded beaches are only accessible by colorfully adorned long tail boats. Krabi’s myriad of bays and coves have sheltered pirates, merchants, and sea gypsies for thousands of years and archaeological evidence indicates that Krabi was originally inhabited as early as 25,000 - 35,000 years ago!
With attractions including hot springs, a wildlife sanctuary, sea caves, flourishing coral reefs and exotic marine life, limestone cliffs that draw rock climbing enthusiasts from around the world, and national parks that include the island paradises of Koh Phi Phi and Koh Lanta, one could easily spend weeks in Krabi and leave yearning for more.
If that wasn’t enough, Krabi features some of the most photogenic sunsets in Thailand, often accompanied by spectacular displays of cloud to cloud lightning, that are best enjoyed from a beachside bar or restaurant.
Meanwhile, with all the tourists spread out among various beaches and islands, life goes on in Krabi Town, the somewhat sleepy provincial capital. Surprisingly few tourists spend time in the charming riverside town, whose hilly streets feature a number of cozy cafes and inexpensive and authentic Thai cuisine is served at an outdoor, riverside evening market.
“Town” to most visitors is Ao Nang, a seaside strip of guesthouses, hotels, bars, restaurants, and souvenir shops that continues to grow as tourist arrivals increase, now spreading north into Noppharat Thara, whose quiet, shady beach is part of the national park that includes the Phi Phi Islands. Ao Nang is the major launching point for boat trips to nearby islands and the isolated beaches of Phra Nang Cape, where the famous former hippie enclave of Railey Beach is located.
Krabi Province, which lies along the coast of the Andaman sea in Southern Thailand, is a top tourist destination as a result of its plentiful natural attractions including, white sandy beaches, crystal clear water, extensive coral reefs, numerous caves and waterfalls, and over 130 islands, including Koh Lanta and the jewels of the Andaman coast, the six islands of Mu Koh Phi Phi National Park.
While not the top destination in and of itself, Krabi Town is a charming provincial capital located along the banks of a river that leads to the nearby Andaman Sea. Consequently, Krabi is an important port city for both local fisherman as well as boats ferrying visitors to the nearby attractions, including Koh Phi Phi, Koh Lanta, and Railey Beach, one of the premier rock climbing destinations in the world.
KHAO KHANAP NAM
Regarded as the symbol of Krabi, Khao Khanap Nam are two mountains that are roughly 100 meters tall sit on both banks of Maenam Krabi River at the entrance to Krabi city. Prepare to be mesmerized by its amazing caves, adorned with stalactites and stalagmites. In addition to natural attractions, a large number of human skeletons have been found here and, as theory has it, there were people settling down in the area but were unfortunately cut off by a flood and finally vanished. For further trekking to Khao Khanap Nam, mangrove forests and Klang island, a fisherman village, a boat is available for rent 800 THB per trip.
Ao Nang is Krabi tourist central. The coastline of Ao Nang is twenty kilometers away from Krabi town, and six kilometers away from Noppharat Thara beach. Its scenic beach with relaxing ambiance makes it a popular attractions among global trotters with selections of accommodations, restaurants and bars. Ao Nang is also a transportation hub you can travel to nearby islands, such as:
● To Rai Le beach: 80 THB (10 minutes) A night trip costs 100 THB.
● To Phra Nang cave: 80 THB (15 minutes)
● To Poda island and return: 300 THB (25 minutes)
● To Kai island and return: 300 THB (25 minutes)
● To Hong archipelago on a charter boat: 2,500 THB (an hour)
Noppharat Thara is among Krabi’s most famous beaches. Located only 6 km away from Ao Nang Bay, Noppharat Thara Beach features a 3-km white sandy beach full of rows of casuarinas and coconut trees. The beach was formerly known as ‘Khlong Haeng Beach,’ which means a dried-canal beach in Thai. The term was taken during low tide when the water dries up and reveals long, seashells-paved seashore. Noppharat Thara Beach is actually part of the marine national park. So it means visitors who wish to stay overnight are required to contact the office of the national park for reservations and accommodation options in advance.